What is a haematoma?
A haematoma is a bruise-like mark on the skin caused by blood pooling beneath the surface.
What causes haematomas?
Haematomas are usually caused by some sort of tissue trauma, such as a bump or fall, or after surgery. This trauma damages the blood vessels, causing blood to leak out into the surrounding tissue. People who are on certain types of medication, such as blood thinners like warfarin, are more likely to suffer from haematomas.
How can I prevent haematomas?
Haematomas are difficult to prevent because it’s not always possible to predict when you are likely to suffer a trauma. If you know you are susceptible to haematomas because of medication or an underlying condition, it’s best to avoid high-contact activities that might involve tissue trauma.
Natural remedies for haematomas
Haematomas are a result of injury and can in some rare cases be dangerous. If you are concerned about your haematoma, seek medical advice immediately.
If your injury has healed and you are looking for a way to fade the appearance of the bruising, there are a number of at-home remedies that some believe can help speed this process up, including:
- Topical application of arnica oil
- Eating pineapple (it contains bromelain which is believed reduce inflammation and bruising)
- Topical application of comfrey oil
Treatments for haematomas
Some haematomas can be treated in a similar way to port wine stain (vascular) birthmarks and thread veins, using a specialised laser. A dermatologist would be able to determine whether or not your haematoma can be treated in this way, or if it’s best to let it fade naturally.